Mobile GPU Rankings 2020 (Adreno/Mali/PowerVR)

In recent years, we have seen substantial growth in the smartphone gaming industry. Though most people only use smartphones for casual gaming while leaving hardcore gaming for their Consoles and PC, the trend has slowly begun to change in 2018.

Looking for the ranking of Laptop & Desktop Graphics Cards?
Then you should check out this article. Please note that our score for Mobile GPUs should not be compared with the Laptop GPUs. We use different methods to evaluate their performance.

With the popularity of Battle Royale games like PUBG and Fortnite and their introduction to smartphones, having a good GPU on the phone has become essential for mobile gamers. If you want to increase FPS in PUBG Mobile, check out our guide.

For those of you that don’t know, mobile SOCs have a specific GPU and it is integrated into the chip itself. A GPU is not separate from the SOC. Hence, every phone out there with a Snapdragon 845 will have the same Adreno 630 GPU and every device with Exynos 9810 will have the same Mali-G72 MP18 GPU. However, two different SOCs can have the same GPU as well. For example, both the Snapdragon 625 and 626 have the same Adreno 506 GPU.

For evaluating the performance of Mobile Graphics Processors, we use both the raw benchmarks as well as the real-world gaming performance of the device. The resultant score is called Centurion Mark and we use this score to rank mobile GPUs.

    Mobile GPU Rankings

RankGPU NameSOCsCenturion Mark
#1A13 Bionic’s GPUApple A13 Bionic119
#2Adreno 650Snapdragon 865117.3*
#3A12 Bionic’s GPUApple A12 Bionic115.4
#4Adreno 640Snapdragon 855 & 855+113.9
#5Mali G77 MP11Exynos 990111.7*
#6Adreno 630Snapdragon 845111.2
#7Mali-G77 MC9MediaTek Dimensity 1000109.2*
#8Mali-G76 MP16Kirin 990107.7
#9Mali-G77 MC7MediaTek Dimensity 1000L106.9*
#10Mali-G76 MP12Exynos 9820 & 9825105.9
#11Mali-G76 MP10Kirin 980104.6
#12Mali G77 MP5Exynos 980104.3*
#13Mali-G72 MP18Exynos 9810103
#14Adreno 620Snapdragon 765G & 765102.2
#15A11 Bionic’s GPUApple A11 Bionic102
#16Mali-G52 MP6Kirin 810100.8
#17Adreno 540Snapdragon 835100.7
#18Mali-G72 MP12Kirin 97099.1
#19Mali-G76 3EEMC4Helio G90 & G90T98.4
#20Adreno 618Snapdragon 720G, 730 & 730G97
#21Mali-G71 MP20Exynos 889596.4
#22PowerVR 7XT GT7600 PlusApple A10 Fusion94.8
#23Adreno 530Snapdragon 820 & 82193.8
#24Adreno 616Snapdragon 710 & 71290
#25PowerVR 7XT GT7600Apple A988.6
#26PowerVR 7XTP-MT4Helio X3087.7
#27Adreno 615Snapdragon 67085.6
#28Mali-G71 MP8Kirin 96084.6
#29IMG PowerVR GM 9446Helio P9082.7
#30Adreno 612Snapdragon 67582.1
#31Mali-T880 MP12Exynos 889081.8
#32Mali-G52 MC2Helio G70 & G8081.6
#33Adreno 610Snapdragon 66580.2
#34Adreno 512Snapdragon 66079.1
#35Mali-G72 MP3Exynos 9611, 9610 Helio P70 & P6077
#36Adreno 430Snapdragon 81076.2
#37Mali-T760 MP8Exynos 742072.8
#38Mali-T860 MP4Xiaomi Surge S171.6
#39Adreno 510Snapdragon 650, 652 & 65369.9
#40Adreno 509Snapdragon 63669.7
#41Adreno 508Snapdragon 63069.1
#42Adreno 420Snapdragon 80569.1
#43Adreno 418Snapdragon 80868.1
#44Mali-G51 MP4Kirin 71066.6
#45PowerVR GX6450Apple A866
#46Mali-T830 MP3Exynos 788065.6
#47Mali-T880 MP4Helio X27, X25, X23, X20, Kirin 955 & 95064.9
#48Mali-G71 MP2Exynos 7885, Exynos 7904, Helio P30 & P2362.9
#49Mali-G71 MP1Exynos 787262
#50Mali-T880 MP2Helio P25, P2060.6
#51Adreno 506Snapdragon 632, 626, 625, & 45059.7
#52Mali-T760 MP6Exynos 543357.2
#53Mali-T628 MP6Exynos 5420, 5422, 5430, & 580056.8
#54PowerVR G6430Apple A755.8
#55Mali-T830 MP2Kirin 659, 658, 655, & 65054.1
#56Adreno 505Snapdragon 439, 435, & 43052.8
#57Mali-T860 MP2Helio P10, P18, MT6738, MT6750T, & MT675052.4
#58Mali-T760 MP4Rockchip RK328852.1
#59PowerVR G6200Helio X10 & MT813551.4
#60PowerVR GE8320Helio P22 & A2251.3
#61Adreno 405Snapdragon 617, 616, 615, 610, & 41550.7
#62Adreno 504Snapdragon 42947.3
#63Mali-T628 MP4Kirin 935 & 93046
#64Mali-T830 MP1Exynos 787045.9
#65Mali-T720 MP2Exynos 7580, MT6753, MT6737T, MT6737, & MT673542.2
#66Mali-T604 MP4Exynos 525041.8
#67Mali-T760 MP2MT675241.5
#68Mali-T720 MP1Exynos 757039.8
#69Adreno 308Snapdragon 427 & 42538.6
#70PowerVR GE8100MT673932.4
#71Adreno 306Snapdragon 412 & 41031.4
#72Mali-450 MP4Kirin 62027.4

* The scores marked with a star (*) are only estimated based on the specification & the performance gain we are expecting based on the architectural improvements, GPU Cores, and clock speeds. We will update them with actual scores after we complete the testing.

Just like the GPUs, you can also check out the ranking of Mobile SOCs here.

Our score does not increase linearly with performance improvement. A GPU with a score of 115 is not 15% faster than the GPU with a score of 100. The performance difference is generally a lot more than the difference in scores.

The difference in our scores is based on the perceived difference in real-world gaming.

Some SOCs like the Helio G90T, Snapdragon 730G, Snapdragon 855+, and Exynos 9825 use an overclocked GPU and will deliver slightly faster performance over their counterparts (Helio G90, Snapdragon 730, SD 855, and Exynos 9820 respectively). This will generally result in a difference of 1 to 3 points in the Centurion Mark.

How to interpret the score?

We have categorized the GPUs in the following range in order to make the scores more meaningful.

Above 100

Delivers the best gaming performance in smartphones. If you want to purchase a phone that has a 1440p or 2160p display, make sure the GPU scores above 100 for the best gaming experience. PUBG Mobile and Fortnite can be played at high settings.

Between 90-100

Android phones in this range officially support Fortnite Mobile. Aim for this range for the best 1080p gaming experience.

Between 65-89

Good gaming performance at 1080p. The majority of the heavy games are playable without running into lags or other issues. PUBG Mobile can run at Low/Medium Settings.

Between 50-64

Decent Gaming Performance at 1080p and great performance on 720p displays. PUBG Mobile can be played at low settings.

Below 50

The gaming performance in this range is below average. Most games can still be played at 720p. PUBG Mobile may run on some of the phones at low settings.

This range is only suitable for playing casual games at 720p.

    Introduction to Smartphone GPUs

Here’s a brief description of the various GPU Brands that you see in the smartphone market. The Mali GPUs can be seen on MediaTek, HiSilicon Kirin, and Exynos SOCs while the Adreno GPUs are designed by Qualcomm for Snapdragon Processors.

Different GPU Types/Brands

1) ARM Mali

Just like their CPU Architecture, ARM Holdings also licenses the Mali GPU architecture to various chip manufacturers like Huawei HiSilicon, MediaTek, and Samsung. These companies incorporate the Mali Architecture and implement it in their SOC. They often implement various variants of the GPU which might have different cores and frequency.

The number behind Mali Chip represents the number of processing units or cores. For example, the “Mali-T880 MP12” has 12 cores. Though architecture plays the biggest role in their performance, the number of cores and frequency also does affect the performance.

As of 2018, the latest Mali GPUs are quite behind the Adreno and Apple GPUs in terms of performance. And the same also reflects in our rankings. This is one of the reasons why the GPU Performance of Exynos, Kirin and MediaTek chips is lagging behind when compared to Qualcomm Snapdragon and Apple A-Series.

You can read more about ARM’s Mali GPU on their official website.

2) Adreno

The Adreno GPUs are designed by Qualcomm and are used in their Snapdragon Processor lineup. Earlier on, Adreno was known as Imageon when it was first developed by ATI Technologies (which later got acquired by AMD). AMD later sold it to Qualcomm and they renamed it to Adreno.

As of 2018, the Adreno GPUs are only behind Apple in terms of performance. Because of the impressive performance of Adreno GPUs, most mobile gamers prefer the Qualcomm Snapdragon SOCs on Android devices.

3) PowerVR

PowerVR is owned by Imagination Technologies and they license their chipsets to many brands like Apple, MediaTek, Samsung, Intel, Spreadtrum, etc. Apple iPhones have also used the PowerVR GPUs till their Apple A10 Fusion SOC.

4) Apple’s GPUs

In A11 Bionic and A12 Bionic, Apple has designed the GPU for the first time. The performance of these Graphics Processors is outstanding and there’s no denying the fact that Apple is doing an amazing job with their SOCs.

Factors that Influence GPU Performance

There are three major factors that determine the performance of a Mobile GPU.

1) GPU Architecture and Fabrication Process

Without any doubt, the GPU that uses a new flagship architecture will perform better. In a Mali GPU, the number just next to Mali corresponds to the particular architecture or design it is using. For example, in “Mali-G76 MP10”, G76 is the name of the architecture and as of 2018, it is the most powerful GPU ARM has ever designed.

A better fabrication process leads to faster and efficient GPU. This is quite important when it comes to gaming. Older chips using the 28nm Node often overheat on extended gaming.

2) GPU Clock Frequency

The higher the GPU frequency, the better will be the performance of the GPU. It can’t get any simpler. Two GPUs with the same architecture may have a different clock frequency but this does not lead to a significant difference in the performance. For example, the Mali-T860 MP2 GPU in MT6750 has 520MHz frequency while the same GPU in MT6750T has a frequency of 650MHz.

3) Number of Cores/Processing Units

Though Apple and Qualcomm do not reveal the number of cores in their GPUs, we can know the same in the case of Mali GPUs based on their codename. The number after MP shows the number of cores it has. For example, Mali-G76 MP10 has 10 cores while Mali-G72 MP18 has 18.

Two GPUs with the same architecture but a different number of cores can have a significant impact on the performance. For example, Mali-T880 MP12 scores 81.8 in Centurion Mark but its variants with 4 and 2 cores score 64.9 and 60.6 respectively.

    Centurion Mark for Smartphone GPUs

Centurion Mark

Calculating the Centurion Mark for mobile graphics processing units involves both the computation of raw benchmarks using an algorithm and manual testing of games. We use the same set of games for testing of each GPU. During this process, we also take into account the display resolution of the device.

Thus, we carry out these tests only at 1080p resolution in order to obtain consistent results irrespective of the phone’s display resolution. Here are the 4 factors that play the biggest role in the computation of Centurion Mark.

1) Performance in Heavy Games 

2) Extended Gaming Performance

3) Raw GPU Benchmarks

4) Performance in Casual Games

    Frequently Asked Questions

Question: Which GPU is best for mobile?

Answer: Apple A13 Binoic’s GPU is the best for mobiles. Among Android devices, Snapdragon 855’s Adreno 640 is the best.

Question: Which GPU is better Mali or Adreno?

Answer: Both Adreno and Mali GPUs of comparable performance are available in the market but when we compare their best processors, the Adreno 640 outperforms Mali-G76 MP16 GPU by a good margin.

Question: Which is the best Mali GPU?

Answer: The Mali-G76 MP16 GPU that is present in Kirin 990 is the best Mali GPU as of now. Upcoming SOCs will feature the new Mali-G77 GPU that is 30% faster than the G76.

Question: Which is the best Adreno GPU?

Answer: Adreno 640 GPU that is present in Snapdragon 855+ and 855 is the best Adreno GPU as of now.

    Final Words

I hope this list ends your search for that smartphone with the best GPU. Smartphone gaming is gaining popularity and we want consumers to know about the capabilities of their device. We also have a list of best smartphone SOCs to help you pick the phone with the most powerful processor.

But before you make a decision on purchasing a phone, make sure to watch your device-specific gaming tests on YouTube. This will help you to get an even better idea of the Gaming Performance of that phone. This is essential because every phone is not the same and even though it has a decent GPU, there’s no guarantee that it will perform like the rest.

30 thoughts on “Mobile GPU Rankings 2020 (Adreno/Mali/PowerVR)”

    • As of now, we haven’t tested the PowerVR GM 9446 GPU but it is very likely to outperform the Adreno 612. But it might not be as good as the Adreno 616.

  1. Could you please share the test case, for testing it by myself ?

    1) Performance in Heavy Games
    2) Extended Gaming Performance
    3) Raw GPU Benchmarks
    4) Performance in Casual Games

    • Heavy Games include PUBG Mobile, Fortnite, Asphalt 9, and Modern Combat 4.
      Casual Games include Subway Surfers, Hill Climb Racing, Dr. Driving, and Clash of Clans.
      In extended tests, we test the heavy games for extended periods while monitoring the temperature and throttling.
      Raw GPU Benchmarks include 3DMark, Geekbench 4, and, GFXBench.

    • It is slightly better than Adreno 512 (SD 660) but the real-world performance difference is negligible. I have just updated the ranking with Adreno 610.

    • As the phone has aa 720p Display, you can expect a good experience in PUBG with Snapdragon 450. But a Snapdragon 660/665 device will deliver even better gaming experience at this price.

  2. Why the ranking of Adreno GPUs does not accord with the incremental of their number? For example, why Adreno 540 is better than Adreno 618?

    • Adreno 5XX GPUs were used in previous-gen SOCs from high-end chips like Snapdragon 835 to all the way down to budget SOCs like Snapdragon 429. Similarly, Adreno 6XX GPUs are used in new SOCs like Snapdragon 665, 845, 730, 710.
      Yes, it is a new generation, but that doesn’t mean a low-end Adreno 6XX GPU will outperform a high-end 5XX GPU. You can rank Adreno 5XX GPUs in the order of their number but you can’t directly compare them against Adreno 6XX lineup.
      Similarly, the high-end Adreno 430 (Snapdragon 810) outperforms a low-end 5XX chip like Adreno 506.
      To explain it in another way, let’s consider Intel’s Desktop CPUs. The 8th Generation Core i7-8700K will still be faster than the 9th Generation Core i3-9100.

  3. Thanks for putting this together. It’s really helpful to have all this information in one place.

    One question though, as the Centurion Mark is a composite benchmark I’m not sure how to compare scores. The interpretation section that talks about the different tiers is useful but I’m trying to figure out how much of a difference should I be looking for to see a meaningful upgrade in performance? Normally I’d consider a 10% difference to not really be worth it but here it feel like a 10% difference would be a decent upgrade. E.g. Apple A9 to A10 Fusion are only separated by about 6 points (7%) in score.

    For a real world example I have a Kindle Fire HD 8 (2016) with Mali-T720 MP2 that my kid uses to play Roblox. It stutters frequently so I was thinking about getting a Galaxy Tab A 8 (2019) with Adreno 504 but according to the list these two are only separated by 5 points so I’m not sure this would make a noticeable difference (both have 1280×800 displays.) In your experience how big of a gap should you be looking for in order to see a noticeable difference in performance?

    • In low-end GPUs, even a difference of 5 points can result in a noticeable difference. I haven’t played Roblox so I can’t comment if Galaxy Tab A 8 (2019) will be able to run at a stable framerate. But I would recommend going with a Tablet that at least has an Adreno 506 or better GPU.
      You can check out the Samsung Galaxy Tab A 10.1 (2019) which has the Mali-G71 MP2 GPU.

  4. This is really a very nice, thank you for the information.

    Just a concern, why is “Mali-G52 MC2” of the Vivo S1 not belong? I am comparing it to the vivo v11i’s “Mali-G72 MP3” if who’s better.

    thank you in advance for the response.

  5. Hi Kashish, i really enjoy reading your knowledge on SoCs’ GPUs. I have a Samsung Galaxy A10s with the Mediatek Helio P22 chipset that has PowerVR Rogue GE8320 as its GPU. This GPU has 2 clusters and is clocked at 650MHz, giving about 41.6 GFLOPS FP16 or 83.2 GFLOPS FP32 of performance. Now this FP, i think it stands for float point, do you have any knowledge about it? If so what’s the difference between FP16 and FP32 especially in most GPUs?

    • Yes, it does stand for Floating Point. FP16 and FP32 are basically representation schemes for Floating-Point numbers. You shouldn’t concern much about these theoretical Floating Point scores as they do not represent real-world performance.
      Coming to FP16 vs FP32, FP32 is known as Singe-Precision Floating-Point and it represents the numbers in 32-bits while FP16 is half-precision, and it stores them in 16-bits. FP32 is more accurate but slower while FP16 is faster at the cost of less precision. If you’re into Deep Learning, FP16 can significantly reduce the memory and time requirements.

    • Going by ARM’s claims, it is a big performance jump and seems to be a great choice for Exynos 990. I would have loved to see it in Kirin 990 as well but they decided to stick with G-76. However, I don’t think the performance will be on the same level as A13 Bionic’s GPU or Adreno 650. But we will find out soon.

  6. I don’t see the difference in high end devices since 2016…
    I still have my LG g5 with a snapdragon 820 chipset and it keeps leading the charts 4 years later ._.

  7. Kashish,

    My company recent got access to a new VR headset with the Snapdragon 845/Adreno 630. What are your thoughts on the real world improvement in VR capability of the 845/630 over the 835/540. Headset is on the way, I’ll let you know our results when we have them.

    • Adreno 630 brings a decent performance jump over the Adreno 540. Games should run smoother and this will be visible on graphically-intensive Games that previously couldn’t hit the 60FPS mark at high resolutions. While we do not test for VR Performance, I expect our performance numbers to carry over to the VR as well.


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