Optimal CPU & GPU Temperature for Safe Working [PC & Laptop]

Looking for a list of Optimal GPU and CPU Temperature?

Then you’ve arrived at the right place. There can be many factors that can cause a Computer to overheat.

If you’re worried that your PC Temperature is too high, this guide will help you out to find whether it is optimal or not. And, this article applies to both the Desktops and Laptops.

I’ve mentioned the Average Temperate Range of both CPU and GPU and the safe temperature limit as well. And in case your system’s temperature is close to the max recommended value, there are various tips here that you can apply to lower down the temperature to a great extent.

How Hot Should my CPU be?

Well, the answer is not as simple as you think. Every Processor is different and depending on the ambient room temperature and the cooling solution used, the CPU Temperature may vary.

During General Usage, your CPU Temperature can have any value between 40-70 °C.

But with Extended Gaming and Heavy Usage, the temperature can easily reach a range of 70-90 °C.

How Hot is Too Hot for Your CPU?

Every Processor has a maximum safe temperature limit. I’ve listed the maximum temperature of almost all the recent Processors of Intel and AMD. You can scroll down and look for your Processor in the list.

But for most Processors, the maximum temperature limit is somewhere around 95-100 °C.

Here’s a video by Linus to help you understand Safe PC Temperatures better.

As you are now aware of the problems that can be caused due to high temperature, let’s dig into whether your CPU Temperature is too high or not.

First up, we have the Ideal & Max Temperature Range for CPUs. Later on, we will look at the optimal temperature for Graphics Cards and HDD/SSD.

    Optimal CPU Temperature

In General Usage, most processors will have an average temperature between 40-70 °C.

The lower the temperature, the better. Low temperature is recommended for the efficient performance of your Computer.

Here is the optimal temperature range for the most popular Processor Series of Intel and AMD.

Processor SeriesAverage Temperature Range
Intel Core i750-65 °C
Intel Core i550-62 °C
Intel Core i350-60 °C
Intel Core 2 Duo45-55 °C
Intel Pentium Pro75-85 °C
Intel Pentium Mobile70-85 °C
Intel Pentium 445-65 °C
Intel Pentium 360-85 °C
Intel Celeron67-85 °C
AMD A1050-60 °C
AMD A645-57 °C
AMD Athlon85-95 °C
AMD Athlon 6445-60 °C
AMD Athlon FX45-60 °C

Credits: Computer Hope

The above table can give a basic idea of the Normal CPU Temperature in most scenarios.

Note: This is the general range of the temperature for most processors. However, the actual Temperature may vary from model to model and from generation to generation. Also, the ambient temperature and the cooling solution being used will affect the average temperature.

If your Processor’s Temperature falls in this range (or lower than it), there’s absolutely no reason to worry.

But if the CPU Temperature is higher, you should check the next section and ensure that it is lower than the maximum temperature stated by the manufacturer. Anything lower than the Maximum Temperature can be considered safe.

    Maximum CPU Temperature

Both the Intel and AMD have a specified maximum temperature value which is mentioned in your Processor’s Specification. The same value is also mentioned down below.

During heavy usage, it is a must to ensure that the CPU Temperature stays below this number.

For Intel Processors

Here is a list of Intel 8th, 7th, 6th, and 5th Generation Desktop & Laptop Processors along with their maximum temperature.

If you’re not sure about your Processor’s Model Number, Download CPU-Z and it will display all the details of your Processor.

According to Intel, Junction Temperature (TJUNCTION) is the maximum temperature allowed at the processor die and Case Temperature (Tᴄᴀsᴇ) is the maximum temperature allowed at the processor Integrated Heat Spreader.

In the following table, all the values are for TJUNCTION  temperature. But for a few processors, I’ve used Tᴄᴀsᴇ and have mentioned it there if that particular value is for Case Temperature.

SeriesProcessor NameMaximum Temperature
8th GenerationCore i98950HK100°C
Core i78086K, 8700K, 8700, 8700T. 8850H, 8750H 8559U, 8650U, 8550U, 8809G. 8709G, 8706G, 8705G, 8305G100°C
Core  i58600K, 8600, 8600T, 8500, 8500T, 8400, 8400T, 8400H, 8300H  8269U, 8259U, 8350U, 8250U100°C
Core i38121U105°C
8350K, 8300, 8100, 8109U, 8130U100°C
8300T, 8100T82°C
Pentium GoldG5600, G5500, G5400100°C
G5500T, G5400T88°C
CeleronG4920, G4900100°C
G4900T88°C
7th GenerationCore i97940X102°C
7960X98°C
7920X, 7900X95°C
7980X94°C
Core i77800X, 7740X, 7700K, 7700, 7920HQ, 7820HQ, 7820HK & 7700HQ, 7660U,  7600U, 7567U, 7560U, 7500U, i7-7Y75100°C
7820X99°C
7700T80°C
Core  i57640X, 7600K, 7600, 7500, 7400 & 7440HQ, 7300HQ, 7360U, 7300U, 7287U, 7267U, 7260U, 7200U, 7Y57, 7Y54100°C
7600T, 7500T, 7400T80°C
Core i37350K, 7320, 7300, 7100, 7101E, 7100H & 7167U, 7130U, 7100U100°C
7300T, 7100T92°C
Core m37Y32, 7Y30100°C
PentiumG4620, G4600, G4560, 4415U, 4410Y100°C
G4600T, G4560T92°C
Pentium SilverJ5005, N5000105°C
CeleronG3950, G3930, 3965U, 3865U100°C
G3930T92°C
J4105, J4005, N4100, N4000105°C
6th GenerationCore i76700K, Tᴄᴀsᴇ = 64°C
6785R, 6700Tᴄᴀsᴇ = 71°C
6700TTᴄᴀsᴇ = 66°C
6970HQ, 6920HQ, 6870HQ, 6820HQ,

6770HQ, 6700HQ, 6660U, 6650U,

6600U, 6567U, 6560U, 6500U

100°C
Core  i5
6600KTᴄᴀsᴇ = 64°C
6685R, 6600, 6585R, 6500, 6402P, 6400Tᴄᴀsᴇ = 71°C
6600T, 6500T, 6400TTᴄᴀsᴇ = 66°C
6440HQ, 6360U, 6350HQ, 6300HQ,

6300U, 6287U, 6267U, 6260U, 6200U

100°C
Core i3
6320, 6300, 6100Tᴄᴀsᴇ = 65°C
6300T, 6100T, 6098P, Tᴄᴀsᴇ = 66°C
6167U, 6157U, 6100H, 6100U, 6006U100°C
Core m76Y75100°C
Core m56Y57, 6Y54100°C
Core m36Y30100°C
Pentium4405U, 4405Y100°C
CeleronG3902E, G3900E, 3955U, 3855U100°C
5th GenerationCore i75950HQ, 5850HQ, 5750HQ, 5700HQ,

 5650U, 5600U, 5557U, 5550U, 5500U

105°C
Core i55350H, 5350U, 5300U, 5287U, 5257U, 5250U, 5200U105°C
Core i35157U, 5020U, 5015U, 5010U, 5005U105°C
Pentium3825U, 3805U105°C
Celeron3755U, 3205U105°C
Core M5Y71, 5Y70, 5Y51, 5Y31, 5Y10c, 5Y10a, 5Y1095°C

To know the Maximum Temperature of Previous Generations, visit Intel’s Official Website.

As you can see, in case of most of the Processors, the maximum temperature is 100°C. Just for some extra precaution, ensure that your CPU Temperature is always at least 10°C lower than the maximum value.

For AMD Processors

Here’s the list for AMD’s CPUs and APUs. AMD hasn’t mentioned the temperature limit for all their processors but I managed to find it for the latest generations and that includes Ryzen.

SeriesProcessor NameMaximum Temperature
Ryzen 2nd GenerationRyzen 72700X85°C
270095°C
2700U, Pro 2700U105°C
Ryzen 52600, 2600X95°C
2400GE, Pro 2400GE, 2400G, Pro 2400G, 2500U, Pro 2500U105°C
Ryzen 32200GE, Pro 2200GE, 2200G, Pro 2200G, 2300U, Pro 2300U, 2200U105°C
Ryzen 1st GenerationThreadripper1950x, 1920x, 1900x68°C
Ryzen 71800x, Pro 1700x, Pro 1700, 170095°C
Ryzen 51600X, Pro 1600, 1600, 1500X, Pro 1500, 140095°C
Ryzen 31300X, Pro 1300, Pro 1200, 120095°C
Bristol Ridge ArchitectureA129800, 9800E, Pro 9800, Pro 9800E90°C
A109700, 9700E, Pro 9700E, Pro 970090°C
A89600, Pro 960090°C
A69550, 9500, 9500E, Pro 9500, Pro 9500E90°C

For the Ryzen Processors, there’s something important that you need to keep in mind. In Ryzen Master Utility, the Temperature that is being reported is around 20°C higher than the actual junction temperature. Here’s a news from AMD that confirms the same.

So, if in the Ryzen Master Utility the reported temperature is 65°C, then the actual junction temperature is just 45°C.

    GPU Temperature

The Temperature of the GPU usually stays in a normal range unless you start a GPU intensive job.

Optimal Temperature of an idle GPU should be around 35-55 °C. During Gaming and Heavy GPU Usage, the average GPU Temperature is generally around 60-80°C.

A major problem with the GPU Temperature can arise when you play games for an extended period of time. It is necessary to ensure that even after a long period of gaming, the GPU Temperature stays at least 5-10°C lower than the maximum temperature specified by the OEM.

For Nvidia GPU

Here is the Maximum GPU Temperature for Nvidia GeForce 10, 900, 700, and 600 Series.

For older Graphics Cards, you can look for it on Nvidia’s official website. If you’re unable to find it on their website, just comment below and I’ll look it up for you.

SeriesGPU NameMaximum GPU Temperature
GeForce 10TITAN V91°C
TITAN Xp94°C
GTX 1080 Ti91°C
GTX 108094°C
GTX 1070 Ti94°C
GTX 107094°C
GTX 106094°C
GTX 1050 Ti97°C
GTX 105097°C
GT 103097°C
GeForce 900TITAN X91°C
GTX 980 Ti92°C
GTX 98098°C
GTX 97098°C
GTX 96098°C
GTX 95095°C
GeForce 700GTX TITAN Z95°C
GTX TITAN Black95°C
GTX 780 Ti95°C
GTX 78095°C
GTX 77098°C
GTX 76097°C
GTX 750 Ti95°C
GTX 75095°C
GT 74098°C
GT 73098°C
GT 72098°C
GT 71095°C
GeForce 600GTX 69098°C
GTX 68098°C
GTX 67097°C
GTX 660 Ti97°C
GTX 66097°C
GTX 650 Ti105°C
GTX 65098°C
GT 64098°C
GT 63098°C
GT 62098°C
GT 610102°C

On average, the Maximum Temperature limit for Nvidia’s Graphics Cards is between 90°C and 100°C. The GTX 650 Ti and GT 610 are the exceptions for this rule as their max temps is 105°C and 102°C respectively.

For most systems, try to ensure that the GPU temperature doesn’t go over 85°C.

For AMD GPU

Even though AMD hasn’t specified a maximum temperature limit for their Graphics Cards on their website, I confirmed from various sources that Temperature limit of AMD Radeon GPUs is around 90-95°C and that is same as the most Nvidia GPUs.

GPUMax Temperature
AMD Radeon Series90-95°C

Once again, make use of sufficient cooling to keep the temperature below 85°C for safe working.

    Optimal Hard Disk / SSD Temperature

Should you bother about the Temperature of your Hard Disk or Solid State Drive?

Well, in most cases, the answer is no. It is very less likely that your HDD/SSD Temperature will go anywhere near the maximum value.

But still in many cases, it could be possible and it severely affects the performance of your Disk. In the long run, it can also lead to disk failure.

Here’s the Operating Temperature limit for most popular HDDs and SSDs. If the one you own is not present in this list, you can find the details in the user manual of your product.

NameOperating Temperature
WD Blue HDD0-60°C
Seagate Barracuda HDD0-60°C
ADATA Ultimate SU800 SSD0-70°C
Samsung Evo 860 SSD0-70°C
WD Green SSD0-70°C
Samsung Evo 960 m.2 SSD0-70°C
Intel Optane Memory0-70°C

In case of most Internal Storage Drives, the temperature range is usually between  0°C to 60°C or from 0°C to 70°C.

    How To Monitor CPU & GPU Temperature

There are various tools like AIDA64, Speccy, and HWMonitor by using which you can easily monitor your PC Temperature.

I personally prefer HWMonitor and it is free as well.

You can easily monitor the CPU, GPU, and Hard Disk Air Flow Temperature using this tool. It also monitors the maximum and minimum Temperature that the component has reached since you started HW Monitor. If you want to reset the Min/Max Stats, go to View in Menu and select Clear Max/Min.

Here’s a Screenshot of HWMonitor.

HW Monitor Temperature Screenshot

Monitor Temperature While Gaming

The HWMonitor is a great tool but you can’t use it in-game.

Here’s when the MSI Afterburner comes to the rescue. It not only displays the Utilization and Temperature of your Components, but it can also show the in-game FPS.

MSI Afterburner

After Installing MSI Afterburner, open it and click on the Gear (Settings icon).

This will take you to the MSI Afterburner Properties.

MSI Afterburner Temperature Settings

Inside the Monitoring Tab, click on the Components that you want to be displayed during the game.

Now tick the “Show in On-Screen Display” checkbox for every component that you want to be displayed.

When you’re done press OK. Make sure that MSI Afterburner is still open.

Now go to Windows Taskbar and click on the RivaTuner Statistics Server. This should look like the one shown in the image below.

RivaTuner Statistics Server

Make sure that On-Screen Display support is On.  By using the On-Screen Display Palette, you can change the color of the text that appears inside the game.

Now, move around the On-Screen Display Zoom slider depending on how big or small you want the text to appear in the game.

Once, you’re done setting it up. Start your game to monitor the thermals.

What to do if my CPU/GPU Temperature is not within the safe limits?

There could be many reasons behind an abnormal temperature value. Before we can come to any conclusions, move to the next section and apply the PC Cooling Tips. If you don’t succeed, it is better to visit a Computer Store or Service Center to get your PC checked.

    Cooling Solutions for PC and Laptop

The following Cooling Tips can significantly lower the temperature of your PC or Laptop. Make sure to try as many as possible and each one of them will contribute to the thermal levels.

1) Clean Dust

Remove all the dust inside your CPU Case by using an Air Blower. Do it slowly ensuring that you don’t damage any components. If you use a Laptop, use Compressed Gas to gid rid of Dust. But the more efficient way is to open the Laptop and then remove the dust.

Make sure that the Case Fan as well as the CPU Fan is free from dust and is working optimally.

2) Apply a New Thermal Paste

Use Isopropyl Alcohol to clean the existing Thermal Paste and replace it with a new one. The Arctic Silver is one of the most trusted and best Thermal Compounds out there. Don’t apply too much Thermal Paste either. A pea-sized amount is the most effective technique to apply thermal paste.

3) Upgrade to a Better CPU Cooler

A good fan can keep the CPU Temperature significantly lower. If you’re using a stock cooler, it is better to get rid of it and use a better one. The Cooler Master Hyper RR-212E-20PK-R2 will do an excellent job. It is one of the most effective CPU Coolers out there.

4) Add More Case Fans

If your Case has lower than 3 fans, add a few more for more optimal air-flow to and from the components. The CPU Cooler only works on the CPU while the Case Fans will take care of all the PC Components.

5) Get a Laptop Cooling Pad

So, we already had enough talk on PC Fans and Coolers. So, what about Laptops?

The Laptops Cooling Pads work very well in keeping the CPU Temperature low. We actually have a guide on Laptop Cooling Pads and Tips.

6) Make Your Room Cool

One of the biggest cause of PC Overheating is the Surrounding Temperature. You may not realize it but the temperature difference of PC Components during Summers and Winters can be huge.

Turn On your Room Cooler or Air Conditioner and it will reduce the CPU Temperature.

    References




Kashish Kumawat is a Computer Engineer and a Tech Enthusiast. He is the Founder of Tech Centurion. He reviews Consumer Electronics, Gadgets, and Gaming Hardware. Kashish Kumawat has an experience of over 3 years in this field and likes to be up to date with the latest technology trends and consumer electronics. He believes in writing unbiased reviews to help consumers buy the right products. To contact Kashish, visit the Contact Page.

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